“People have this really fantasized and idealized image of Japan. Like `Japanese people are so quiet, educated and sophisticated.’ And that their traditional arts is considered top-of-the-world, thanks to great attention to detail in craftsmanship. Some of these perceptions are true, while some observations can be enhanced or even a bit exaggerated. Other views don’t really reflect that whole reality because when people think about Japan, they only think of Tokyo or Kyoto.
“The reality is that there’s so many types of Japanese people. If you go to Tokyo, it’s so clean, people are so respectful and everybody’s quiet. People have all this formality. But if you go to the countryside, it’s completely different.
There, people are much more informal and they smoke everywhere. So you have this idea that the Japanese follow rules and this and that, which may be true for specific groups of people or regions but not necessarily for the whole nation. Japan is so big and if you go to Okinawa it’s another world.
“This is one focus of my research—people’s image of Japan or what foreigners think of this island nation and their culture and arts from a social point of view.”
(Born and bred in Lisbon, Portugal, Liliana moved to Brazil at the age of 22, and lived there for eight years before coming to Japan. Today, she’s doing her PhD research on Japanese culture and arts from a social point of view, under a scholarship program from the Tokyo Metropolitan Government.)
Life in the countryside
“We live in a time where we don’t value enough our connection with natural things. And the only way we can keep living on Earth is if we protect nature and start valuing things that people make from it. Our planet isn’t big enough to sustain all the cities in the world. They’re too densely populated and just too big. It’s not humane; at least not at this scale
“That’s why even though I live in Tokyo, I often visit the countryside. Sometimes I don’t even need to go to the supermarket when I’m there because the neighbors bring things that they plant. So I’m more interested in this kind of life, in small communities.
“Before, when I was in São Paulo, I was working too much just to make rent every month in the central part of the city, which was absurd because I chose to live in the city for all the exciting things to do. But I couldn’t really enjoy myself so it was pointless.
“After 7 years in São Paulo, I moved to the countryside and spent a year in a ceramics town. I saw more of the same faces every week, every month. I met people so much more often there even though I had more friends in the city because everyone was so busy with work or had no money to go to restaurants.”
“To be fair, I also don’t want to idealize life in the countryside and life as, say, a farmer. I know it’s a hard life and people don’t make that much money and they spend the whole day toiling under the sun (or rain).”
Liliana studies foreigners who come to Japan to engage in pottery/ceramics. Her research takes her to various regions where she observes different cultures, while in search of crafts and people who “make stuff”.